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DANISH BRASS 15

 

FLAG

DANISH MUSIC FOR BRASS

Is a series of recordings with brass players from the Royal Danish Orchestra

as chamber music players or soloists

 

 

 

 

LIGHT CLASSICS 2

FOR TRUMPETS, ORGAN

and CHAMBER ORCHESTRA

 

PLAYED BY

KETIL CHRISTENSEN, LARS OLE SCHMIDT – TRUMPET

PREBEN NØRGAARD CHRISTENSEN – ORGAN and HARPSICHORD

THE MORAVIAN – SILESIAN CHAMBER ORCHESTRA

CONDUCTED BY

PAVEL VITEK and PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN

THE ROYAL DANISH ORCHESTRA

The Royal Danish Orchestra’s emblem, the Royal Trumpeter Corps. Engraving from 1583. The Royal Danish Orchestra is the the world’s oldest orchestral institution. It started out 1448 as a trumpeter corps, and today it is an opera and symphony orchestra based at the Royal Opera in Copenhagen.

 

 

KETIL CHRISTENSEN  and  LARS OLE SCHMIDT

KETIL CHRISTENSEN studied at The Royal Danish Academy of Music with Kurt Petersen and became only 19 years old principal trumpet in The Royal Danish Orchestra. Co-founder of The Royal danish Orchestra Brass Ensemble and member of the chamber orchestra Collegium Musicum, Copenhagen. Has made many recordings and engagements as soloist. in 1980 he won a prize at the international competition for soloists in Munich and has later been a member of the jury at the same competition in 2018. Has been teaching trumpet at The royal Danish Academy of Music. The recipient of the Gade Scholarship and Gladsaxe Music Award.

LARS OLE SCHMIDT  studied at North Jutland Academy of Music with Anton Hansen. From  1995 employed as principal trumpet in “The Prince Military Band” in Viborg and has since 2012 been associate principal trumpet in Ålborg Symphony Orchestra. Has played numerous concerts as soloist all over Denmark.  

THE MORAVIAN SILESIAN CHAMBER ORCHESTRA

– is established as a part of the Janácek Philharmonic Orchestra in Ostrava in The Chech Republic and is well known for its unique string tradition. Pavel Vitek is  professor of violin at The Academy of Music in Ostrava.

 

The most used instrument for playing with the organ is the trumpet. The trumpet symbolizes a messenger and when it illuminates through the organ’s or the orchestra’s broad sound it can express the deeply lyrical, the heroic, the divine and the down-to-earth. Ever since the Baroque era and up to today, composers and arrangers have taken advantage of these opportunities. On this recording, a number of arrangements of well-known pieces and original compositions show the many possibilities for expressions that are present when these two instruments appear together.

ANONYMOUS: GLORIA IN EXELCIS DEO

LARS OLE SCHMIDT and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – arr. and organ

LOEILLET: SARABANDE

LARS OLE SCHMIDT and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – harpsichord, arr.: MOGENS ANDRESEN

MARCH ANTOINE CHARPENTIER: TE DEUM

LARS OLE SCHMIDT and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – piccolo trumpet

arr.: PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN 

ANONYMOUS: DALARVISE 

LARS OLE SCHMIDT – piccolotrumpet and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet, BO JUEL CHRISTIANSEN – flute

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – organ and harpsichord, Arr.: MOGENS ANDRESEN

JEAN JOSEPH MOURET: RONDEAU

LARS OLE SCHMIDT – piccolotrumpet and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet

 Arr.: MOGENS ANDRESEN

JOSEPH HOROWITZ: LARGHETTO

KETIL CHRISTENSEN and LARS OLE SCHMIDT – trumpet

GIUSEPPE TARTINI: ALLEGRO GRAZIOSO

KETIL CHRISTENSEN  – piccolo trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN –  harpsichord

TOMASSO GIORDANI: CARI MIO BEN

KETIL CHRISTENSEN and LARS OLE SCHMIDT – trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – harpsichord

GEORG PHILIP TELEMANN: VIVACE

KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – harpsichord

ANONYMOUS: WEDDING MARCH from NORDMÖSE

LARS OLE SCHMIDT – piccolotrumpet and KETIL CHRISTENSEN – trumpet, BO JUEL CHRISTIANSEN – flute

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – organ and harpsichord, Arr.: MOGENS ANDRESEN

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH: RONDO

KETIL CHRISTENSEN – piccolo trumpet

PREBEN NØRGÅRD CHRISTENSEN – harpsichord

Arr.: MOGENS ANDRESEN

MAX REGER: ROMANCE

KETIL CHRISTENSEN –  trumpet

 

JOHANN SEBASTIAN BACH’s STAR-TRUMPETER   GOTTFRIED REICHE (1667 – 1734)

Engraving (1727 ) after a painting by Gottlob Haussman.

Mogens Andresen

THE TRUMPET AS A MELODIC SOLO-INSTRUMENT

 

 

 

The trumpet has always been perceived as a messenger and a signal instrument as it is heard at the beginning of John Sebastian Bach’s Christmas Oratorium:

JULEORATORIUM

TRUMPET PARTS FROM THE START OF THE CHRISTMAS ORATORIO BY J.S. BACH.

In the Baroque period one could only play the so-called natural tones, but in the high register where the tones are close, one could play soft and melodic,  It was called CLARIN-PLAYING, and the famous trumpeters of the baroque area was known not only for their dramatic fanfare-playing but also for their ability to play softly in a singing vocal style.

THE ENGLISH TRUMPETER VALENTINE SNOW (1700-1770),

“THE FINEST TRUMPETER IN ENGLAND AND AMONG THE BEST IN EUROPE”,

 

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KEYED TRUMPET

Around 1775 new attempts came up to build trumpets with holes,  just like earlier in the renaissance when the Cornett ( the zink ) appeared, though this time with a key system to close the holes (like woodwind instruments). It was the Viennese court trumpeter Anton Weidinger (1767-1852) who developed a trumpet with 5 keys. He did not invent it, as some have believed, but developed his own instrument (Klappentrompete) that could play chromatically based on earlier examples of keyed trumpets. Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809) and Nepomuk Hummel (1778 – 1837) wrote their concertos for him and now thrills, chromatic runs and diatonic melodies replaced the standard fanfare motifs.

ANTON WEIDINGER (1767-1852)

When the valve system was invented in 1815, the trumpet – and even more its cousin the cornet – became full chromatic. It was used in both military bands and in all kind of entertainment music.

 

Bb-CORNET WITH 2 VALVES MADE BY CURTOIS FRANKRIG 1833. Metropolitan Museum New York

BAL

“BOURGEOIS PARTY” Lithography by H. Dumier, 1852

 

TRUMPET in G WITH BERLINER-PUMPEN, MARKNEUNKIRCHEN, GERMANY ca. 1860 

But composers also wrote for the instruments classical music. Giuseppe Verdi (1813 – 1901) has written melodically for the cornet in the opera don Carlos (1867), Tchaikovsky (1840 – 1893) in the ballets The Swan Lake (1876) and The Nutcracker (1892) and Wagner (1813 – 1883) for the trumpet in the opera Parsifal (1882).

ARBAN

JEAN BAPTISTE ARBAN(1825-1889)

– the first big virtuoso on the cornet

The great popular breakthrough for the trumpet and the cornet as melody instruments and solo instruments came with the wind band movement. The cornet became the leading solo instrument in melodic beauties and in virtuoso variations of known melodies. John Philip Sousa (1854 – 1932) had one of the most famous wind bands ever and he managed to have 3 of his time’s leading virtuoso cornet players in the band:

 

HERMANN BELLSTEDT (1858-1926 ), DEL STAIGERS (1919-1950, HERBERT CLARKE (1867-1945)

 

Since then, the trumpet with its powerful and lyrical voice has been melody carrier in all kinds of music.  And if there has been a shortage of it, new trumpet players have always come on track. Trumpet has been dominant in TV-film music, just think of it: Star Wars, Indiana Jones, Superman, Dynasty etc.In an interview in 1957, Eddie Calvert was asked how the “melodic” playing has caught on ? He answered: “I just happened to come along at a time when there was no one else playing melody line and recorded O, Mein Papa – It’s as simple as that.”

 

“EDDIE” CALVERT (1922 – 1978), ENGLAND, was launched as “THE MAN WITH THE GOLDEN TRUMPET”. He succeeded with a melodic repertoire played with a big warm sound and a “Mexican” vibrato. His best-selling hits “worldwide” were: “Oh Mein Papa” and “Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White”.

 

Mogens Andresen